Indonesia, a sprawling archipelago with a burgeoning economy, is grappling with the imperative to balance industrial growth with environmental responsibility. As the nation confronts the global challenge of climate change, it is increasingly turning towards innovative solutions such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) to mitigate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This article delves into the landscape of Carbon Capture and Storage in Indonesia, exploring its potential, challenges, and the nation's strides towards a sustainable future.

The Need for Carbon Capture and Storage

Indonesia, like many developing nations, relies heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs. This dependence has contributed significantly to the nation's carbon emissions, making it crucial to find effective and scalable solutions to address climate change. Recognizing this, Indonesia has acknowledged the need for a comprehensive strategy, incorporating technologies like CCS to capture CO2 emissions at their source and prevent their release into the atmosphere.

The Emergence of CCS in Indonesia

In recent years, Indonesia has made notable progress in recognizing the potential of CCS as a key player in its climate change mitigation efforts. The government has initiated policies and partnerships to encourage the development and deployment of CCS technologies. One pivotal move was the issuance of Presidential Regulation (PERPRES) No. 98/2021 about Implementation of Carbon Economic Value to Achieve Nationally Determined Contribution Targets and Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in National Development.

Furthermore, Indonesia has engaged in collaborations with international organizations and investors, tapping into global expertise to bolster its own capacity for CCS implementation. These initiatives aim to enhance the nation's understanding of CCS technologies and foster the necessary infrastructure for their widespread adoption.

CCS concept

Challenges in Implementation

Despite the promising developments, Indonesia faces challenges in the widespread implementation of CCS. One significant hurdle is the financial aspect, as the deployment of CCS technologies requires substantial investment. Balancing the economic feasibility of projects with the environmental benefits they bring remains a key challenge. The government must explore funding mechanisms, partnerships, and financial incentives to make CCS projects attractive to investors.

Another challenge lies in the development of suitable storage sites for captured carbon. Identifying and securing locations for safe and permanent storage is crucial to the success of CCS initiatives. Ensuring public acceptance and addressing potential environmental and social impacts are also paramount, emphasizing the need for transparent communication and stakeholder engagement.

Opportunities for Indonesia

Embracing CCS presents various opportunities for Indonesia, both environmentally and economically. Beyond contributing to global climate goals, the nation can position itself as a leader in sustainable technologies. The development and deployment of CCS projects can foster innovation, create high-skilled jobs, and attract foreign investments. Indonesia's geographical advantages, including suitable geological formations for carbon storage, further enhance its potential to become a significant player in the global CCS landscape.

International Collaboration

Recognizing the transboundary nature of climate change, Indonesia actively seeks collaboration with international partners and organizations. Engaging with countries that have advanced CCS technologies and experiences can accelerate the learning curve for Indonesia. Furthermore, collaboration opens avenues for financial and technological support, ensuring a more robust and effective implementation of CCS initiatives.

JGC Indonesia competencies at CCS technologies

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This article is written by:
Tectona Grandis
Digital Marketing Staff



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